museo della montagna torino alpinismo invernale

Area 5
WINTER MOUNTANEERING

alpinismo invernale museo montagna torino

The most extreme boundary is winter mountaineering, which originated on Uja di Mondrone in December 1874 with the ascent of Castagneri, Martelli and Vaccarone. Climbing the mountains in the most unfavourable season meant breaking the final taboo of valley civilisation, which saw winter as a time of repose. It also meant trying out new equipment and new techniques which would soon serve for the explorations outside Europe.

The first park

The Gran Paradiso National Park was instituted in 1922 to save the ibex from extinction. Today, the park is a laboratory of coexistence between men and animals, where the future of the Alps is experimented. Even the lammergeyer (bearded vulture) has returned, after years of absence.

Ever shorter and sharper

The ice axe originated as the mountaineer’s iron-tipped walking stick (alpenstock), was then gradually equipped with a blade and pick to cut out steps in the snow and ice, and has been shortened over the decades, adapting to increasingly advanced climbing techniques. With the introduction of the piolet traction technique, it has become an extremely short, curved and toothed implement, having nothing in common with the pioneers’ old sticks.

Other halls

Area 6 SKIING AND WINTER SPORTS

Area 6
SKIING AND WINTER SPORTS

Skiing did not originate as recreation, but as a means for moving over the snow for the populations of north Europe. Known and practised in the north for hundreds, perhaps thousands, of years, skiing arrived in the Alps only at the end of the 19th century, when...

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Area 7 MOUNTAINS OUTSIDE EUROPE

Area 7
MOUNTAINS OUTSIDE EUROPE

The most truthful representation of the dimensions of the Himalayas is offered by the east face of Monte Rosa, which dominates the Macugnaga valley and the plain around Novara. But the day came when not even the Monte Rosa was enough to satisfy the mountaineers. With...

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Area 8 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Area 8
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

For almost a thousand years, Alpine civilisation developed in a balanced equilibrium between nature and culture. Man drew resources from the environment without ever going beyond the limits of the resources themselves. With 19th- and 20th-century industrialisation,...

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Area 9 PIACENZA COLLECTION

Area 9
PIACENZA COLLECTION

Mario Piacenza was born in 1884 at Pollone, near Biella, not far from Turin, into a family of industrialists dedicated to wool manufacturing from several generations. He carried out various activities in the field of mountaineering and was also the director of the...

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Area 10 THE TURIN 2006 OLYMPIC MUSEUM

Area 10
THE TURIN 2006 OLYMPIC MUSEUM

In 2006, on the occasion of the XX Winter Olympic Games and the IX Winter Paralympic Games, Turin and its valleys experienced a moment of great appreciation and were at the centre of international attention. The Museomontagna conserves the memory of the sports events...

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